Whitby History part 2 Church Street, Scoresby House, Bowlby Bank, Abbey House and St Marys Church
Heading down Church Street away from the centre of town we come to the Seamens Hospital of “Hospitals” as they were known locally. They originated in 1670 to provide help for distressed seamen and their families by providing living accommodation which was maintained by a levy from ships in the port. This excellent charity continues through the Board of Trustees.
On the opposite side of the road there used to be some houses which have long been demolished and it was rumoured that there was a passageway which ran from the Harbour side underneath Church Street and emerged in Elbow Yard, which was used by the smugglers. It was in this area that the very first workhouses were founded in 1727 to 1792, coinciding with St Hilda's being built. These old workhouses were turned into tenements by Mr Gideon Smailes. There used to also be a boat building shop which was run by Mr Anthony Hunter, with a workshop in this area.
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Moving on to the area of Bowlby Bank which had at the top section the Manor House of Sir Anthony Bowlby, a very well thought of surgeon, the family was one of Whitby's oldest and most admired. Further along you come to a back lane which leads to “Loading”, or Donkey Road which went all the way from Church Street up towards the Abbey area. This lane had the Abbey stables on it, which were provided for by the Youth Hostel Association. As you emerge from the lane you come round into the Abbey Plain area with its decapitated cross which represents the finest of Whitby and its past.
The ancient Abbey was founded in A.D. 658 by Lady Hilda who was the first Abbess, Caedmon, the father of English poetry was a cowherd until he received his gift from heaven.
In St Mary's churchyard in circa 1110 the poet Laureate Alfred Austin unveiled Caedmons cross in 1898. The church has many unique features and is well worth a visit, example there is the Huntrood Memorial at the rear of the church underneath its arch.
At the rear of the Whitby Abbey's Museum, there is Abbey House, formerly the Manor house of Whitby. Approximately 1672 Sir Hugh Cholmley built the North side of the house, which is now Abbey house.
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